What is an Education, Health and Care Plan?
The Children and Families Act puts children and young people at the centre of the assessment and planning process so that outcomes are co-produced with parents/carers and/or with young people themselves; 16 to 25 year olds should be especially involved with this.
Education, health and care (EHC) plans are are legal documents outlining the support a child or young person will recieve to meet their special needs across education, health and social care and achieve positive outcomes. The focus is very much on what is important for children and young people – what they and you want to achieve now and in the future.
Children and young people aged from birth to 25 with special educational needs and/or a disability may be eligible for an EHC Plan.
For an introduction to the Education, Health and Care Plan and how it may help your family, have a look at this video from the Council for Disabled Children
Information Contained in an Education, Health and Care Plan
The information contained in an Education, Health and Care Plan covers a child or young person's education, health and care needs, their desired outcomes, and the range of multi-disciplinary support that will be provided to help them achieve their outcomes and aspirations. This information is split into different sections.
Section A: All about me. This is the section where the child / young person and/or their parents can write about themselves. What are their interests, hopes and dreams? What is their story so far? What makes a good day and what makes a bad day for them?
Section B: My education needs. This section gives details of the child / young person's special educational needs (e.g. communication, cognition and learning).
Section C: My health needs. This section gives details of the child / young person's health needs which relate to their special educational needs or to a disability.
Section D: My social care needs. This section gives details of the child / young person's social care needs which relate to their special educational needs or to a disability.
Section E: My outcomes. This section contains information about the outcomes for the child or young person that have been agreed and the steps needed to achieve them.
Section F: The special educational provision required for me to achieve my outcomes. This explains what is needed, what is going to happen, who is going to do it, what skills, qualifications or training they require, how often it will be made available and when it will be reviewed.
Section G: Health Provision. This section sets out any health provision reasonably required by the learning difficulties or disabilities which result in the child or young person having special educational needs.
Section H1: Social Care Provision. This section sets out any social care provision which must be made for a child or young person under 18 resulting from Section 2 of the chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970 (CSDPA).
Section H2: Social Care Provision. Any other social care provision reasonably required by the learning difficulties or disabilities which result in the child or young person having special educational needs.
Section I: Education Placement. This is where the young person or their parents/carers may express a choice about the nursery / school / college they would like the young person to attend.
Section J: Personal Budget. If a young person or their parents/carers request a personal budget, details of this will be specified here.
Section K: This section lists all of the reports and assessments that have been used to write the EHCP.
Education, Health and Care Plans are Person-Centred
The EHC plan puts children, young people and families at the centre of the assessment and planning process. This is called "person-centred planning". Sixteen to 25 year olds should be especially involved in the planning.
The video below from the Council for Disabled Children explains what we mean by putting the young person and their family at the centre of the plan:
The Education, Health and Care Plan Means Joined-Up Care
The Local Authority is responsible for making sure services across the three areas (Education, Health and Social Care) are brought together and that the plan is co-ordinated between those services and the family.
Joint assessments will help parents and young people to ‘tell their story’ only once and will focus on the outcomes that children and young people can achieve as well as identifying the support needed to do this.