Empires and People
This text explains who ruled the various countries of the Middle East and North Africa in the nineteenth century. Who were the Ottomans and how did they manage to hold an empire together that was larger than that of ancient Rome?
- Read full article on The Middle East and North Africa in Leighton's time
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This text looks at the working lives of ordinary people at that time. It describes their homes, what they ate and the role of law and religion for the community. Education is also considered.
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This text examines the negative stereotyping of ethnic difference from a variety of viewpoints. The East and West's historic role in slavery is explored as is the mis-use of science and religion as a defence of racism.
- Read Article on Attitudes to Race and Ethnicity
- Download PDF: Attitudes to Race and Ethnicity (file size 382kb)
This text outlines how the Middle East was seen as a vital gateway to India by Britain and how this concern affected relationships with the Ottoman Empire. Britain's invasion of Egypt in 1882 is also explored as the beginning of European colonisation of Africa.
- Read Article on Britain's relationship with the Middle East in the 1800's
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This text examines what Leighton thought about the ethnicities he encountered on his travels. What were his views on slavery and issues of race? How do Leighton's comments appear to a 21st century audience?
What was travelling like in the 19th century?
Who else was travelling between East and West and why?
How did museums collect in the 19th century?
What is Islamic Art?
Documents and Sources
>Letter from Leighton
> Letter to Leighton
> Leighton's Tangiers
> Empire and Travel Map
> Collecting Map
> La Zisa Palace
> Leighton's Paint Box