Glossary of terms
Aesthetic style: The Aesthetic movement was a
strong artistic current in the late 19th century centring around
the doctrine that art is self-sufficient and need serve no ulterior
purpose whether moral, political, or religious. Central figures of
the movement included Whistler and Oscar Wilde. In decorative
terms, an aesthetic style was one that tended towards preciousness
Punch's Almanack: Punch magazine produced an
annual table, or book of tables, containing a calendar of months
and days and usually astrological data and other information.
Camera Club: A late 19th century photographic
club. It provided Sambourne and his contemporaries with
a number of models to photograph.
Cyanotype: A simple and early photographic
technique often referred to as blueprint (1842-1950s) using iron
salts to produce an image in insoluble Prussian Blue in the paper,
which was fixed by washing the image in water. It was a
quick and simple process.
Dado: The lower part of the wall of a room when
visually distinct from the upper part.
Drawing Room: In Victorian times, the
drawing-room was used for comfortable sitting and as the principal
room for entertaining (earlier withdrawing room, because originally
used for women to withdraw after dinner).
Linoleum: Material consisting of a canvas
backing thickly coated with a preparation of linseed oil and
powdered cork, used as a floor covering.
Morning Room: A room the Victorians used for
daytime entertaining and tea. At Linley Sambourne House, the more
private and sentimental nature of the decoration of this room with
family photographs and gifts from friends points to its use by the
women of the house in particular.
Terrace House: Any of a row of houses built in
one block of uniform style.
Victorian: Associated with social and moral
attitudes characteristic of the time of Queen Victoria
Water Garden: An alternative to a conservatory
in houses where space was limited, water gardens or ornamental
fountains and shells in window boxes were very popular with the