Product safety

If you import, produce or distribute goods, including second-hand, the law states they must be safe for the consumer to use.

Trading Standards enforces a wide range of legislation which ensures that goods are safe. We do this by providing business with guidance, testing products and taking enforcement action, including prosecution, against those who break the law.

Detailed guidance on product safety including best practice procedures can be found via the Chartered Trading Standards Institute's Business Companion.

The Office for Product Safety and Standards is the national regulator for product safety and routinely publishes guidance via their website.

Product specific guidance

  • Batteries - there are safety requirements for all types of battery, both rechargeable and non-rechargeable, intended for use in consumer applications
  • Candles, diffusers, oil heaters, etc. - there are specific safety requirements for candles, diffusers, room sprays, fragrant aromatherapy oil heaters and lamps
  • Construction products - essential information for suppliers of construction products, including UKCA marking
  • Cosmetic products - if you sell cosmetic products, they must be safe; there are specific requirements for composition and labelling
  • E-scooters - specific safety requirements and advice on the legal requirements relating to electrically powered transporters (e-scooters), including the use of the UKCA mark
  • Electrical equipment - essential information for suppliers of electrical equipment, including UKCA marking
  • Electrically assisted pedal cycles - specific safety requirements and advice on the legal requirements relating to electrically assisted pedal cycles when used on public roads, including the use of the UKCA mark
  • Food imitations - the law on the supply of articles that resemble food products
  • Goods in rented accommodation - all goods supplied as part of a furnished residential accommodation lettings contract must be safe, including gas installations and appliances
  • Jewellery safety: metal content - the requirements on nickel, lead and cadmium in jewellery, and why this is controlled
  • Mini motos, off road vehicles, etc - specific safety requirements apply to mini motos, quad bikes, powered mini scooters and off-road vehicles, including the use of the UKCA mark
  • Nightwear - the safety, labelling and treatment of nightwear for children and adults
  • Novelty, decorative and ornamental giftware - the safety requirements of different types of giftware, including candles, collectors’ items and models
  • Toys - the labelling and safety requirements for new toys, and how the law applies to toys sold second-hand
  • Upholstered furniture - upholstered furniture must pass safety tests and be labelled correctly with regards to its flammability

Product Safety guidance for certain second-hand goods:

Unsafe goods and product recalls

Sometimes products have to be recalled by the manufacturer, usually for safety reasons.

For up-to-date information about recalls, please visit The Office for Product Safety and Standards webpages.

Visit the Electrical Safety First webpage which has information about recalls of electrical goods. It also allows you to register your electrical goods, so that you are told if the model is withdrawn.

Last updated: 12 October 2023